Meaning and importance of agriculture

Agricultural science SSS1 first term

Week 1

Meaning and importance of agriculture

Performance objectives

Students should be able to:

  1. Define agricultural science.
  2. State the importance of agricultural science to individual, community and the nation.
  3. State and explain the branches of agriculture.


Meaning of agriculture.

The term agriculture is derived from two Latin words; “ager”, meaning field, and “cultural”, meaning cultivation. By this statement, agriculture means field cultivation. However, this is not the complete definition of agriculture since agriculture has to do also with animal production.

Agriculture is simply defined as the art and science (or management) that deals with the cultivation of crops and the rearing of animals for man’s use.

Branches of Agriculture

The main branches of agriculture include the following;

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