Carbon and its compounds 6



Carbon and its compounds

Performance Objectives

The student should be able to:

  1. List the various fractions of crude oil and their uses
  2. State the importance of hydrocarbons


Crude oil

Crude oil (petroleum) is the principal source of hydrocarbons which is formed in remains of aquatic animals and plants. It is a dark viscous liquid, found in huge underground deposits in many countries of the world e.g. Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Australia, Venezuela, etc. to be relatively sulphur free and this makes it very marketable. Countries like Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela, have oils with high sulphur content.

Exploring of crude oil

Geologists use seismometers to study the underlying layers of the earth crust and from the information obtained they decide where the oil caps are.... View More

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