Fats and oil



Fats and oil

Performance objectives

Students should be able to:

  1. Identify the sources of fat and oil
  2. State the physical and chemical properties of fats and oil
  3. Explain the reactions of fats and oil
  4. Give at least three uses of fats and oil


Fats and oil

Fats and oil belongs to a group of compounds known as lipids. Fats are solids of animal origin, while oil are liquids of plant origin at room temperature. They are complex esters of Trihydric propane-1,2,3-triol(glycerol).


The R groups e.g R1R2R3 in the fatty acid may be the same or different.

Fatty acids are classified as saturated and unsaturated fatty acids.

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